HSRP (Hot Standby Router Protocol)

HSRP-topology

HSRP (Hot Standby Router Protocol)

HSRP(Hot Standby Router Protocol) is a Cisco proprietary First Hop Redundancy protocol. HSRP first hop redundancy mechanism provide alternative path as a proactive action for any failure on a device.


HSRP-topology
With HSRP mechanism, even if a failure occurs on one device in the HSRP Group, then the traffic goes through on another device in that HSRP Group, through an alternative path.


HSRP-standby-to-active
HSRP provide this by using a Virtual IP address and a MAC address as a Gateway of multiple path alternatives. The traffic is always go to the Virtual IP address, Virtual Gateway. So, the traffic flow is independant from a device. This avoids single point of failure on the networks.

By the way, HSRP Group numbers is mention at the beginning of the confiugration after “standby” keyword. There can be multiple groups of HSRP on an interface.

HSRP Router Roles

HSRP works with HSRP Groups. For each group, there are different routers that has different roles. These roles are:

• Active Router
• Standby Router
• Listenning Routers

The Active Router is the router that the traffic flow go through this router. It is the router that actively take place in the traffic flow in normal case.

The Standby Router is the backup of Active Router. When th active router fails then this router become Active and the traffic go through this router.

Lastly the Listening Router is other routers that are particippating in the HSRP group.

HSRP Active/Standby Elections

The main two roles of HSRP are Active and Standby. For these roles, routers does an election between them. In this election two parameters are important. The elections are done according to two parameters. These are:

• HSRP Priority Values
• Interface IP Addresses

Other First Hop Redundancy Protocols (FHRPs) Lessons

First Hop Redundancy Protocols (FHRPs) – Overview
First Hop Redundancy Protocols (FHRPs) – HSRP
First Hop Redundancy Protocols (FHRPs) – HSRP Configuration on Cisco
First Hop Redundancy Protocols (FHRPs) – VRRP
First Hop Redundancy Protocols (FHRPs) – VRRP Configuration on Cisco
First Hop Redundancy Protocols (FHRPs) – GLBP
First Hop Redundancy Protocols (FHRPs) – GLBP Configuration on Cisco

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