Next Hop Self Command on Juniper Routers

JUNIPER-BGP-next-hop-self-conf

BGP Next Hop Self Configuration on Juniper Routers

In BGP Configuration, there are some key commands and concepts used for a better BGP operation. BGP Next Hop Self is one of these commands used in Juniper routers.

When an eBGP route advertised to vie iBGP, normally the next-hop of the route stay unchanged. This behaviour causes unknown destinations at the iBGP peer. The route and the next-hop is in another network and there is no information to reach this next-hop.

To overcome this issue, a routing policy that provide “next-hop self” behaviour can be used.
Below, we will show this conffiguration with an example.


JUNIPER-BGP-next-hop-self-conf


Here, there are to steps to apply next-hop self characteristic to the router. These are:

1. Creating the Routing Policy on the Router
2. Applying the Routing Policy to BGP


Let’s start to configure next-hop self. By the way, for our topology, we will configure this, only on RouterA1.


To test yourself, you can also check JNCIP Quizes Page.


1. Creating the Routing Policy on the Router

Juniper-RouterA1@Kosem> configure

[edit]
Juniper-RouterA1@Kosem# set policy-options policy-statement next-hop-self

[edit policy-options policy-statement next-hop-self]
Juniper-RouterA1@Kosem# set term 1

[edit policy-options policy-statement next-hop-self term 1]
Juniper-RouterA1@Kosem# from route-type external

[edit policy-options policy-statement next-hop-self term 1]
Juniper-RouterA1@Kosem# then next-hop self

[edit policy-options policy-statement next-hop-self term 1]
Juniper-RouterA1@ top

2. Applying the Routing Policy to BGP

[edit ]
Juniper-RouterA1@Kosem# set protocols bgp 

[edit protocols bgp]
Juniper-RouterA1@Kosem# group ibgp export next-hop-self

[edit protocols bgp]
Juniper-RouterA1@Kosem# commit
commit completed

Before this configuration, RouterA2 can not reach the network between RouterB1 and RouterB2. Because as a netxt-hop it has the address of RouterB1’s ip address. But it do not know how to reach this next-hop.

After the configuration, Router A2 received this route with the next-hop of its neighbour RouterA1. And after that, it can reach the network between RouterB1 and RouterB2 via its neighbour.


To test yourself, you can also check JNCIP Quizes Page.


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Lesson tags: BGP, junos, juniper, nect hop self
Back to: JNCIP > BGP

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