MPLS Protection Types
There are some different types traffic protections. In general we can divide these types into two groups. End-to-end Protection and Local Protection.
End-to-end Protection is using Secundary LSP-Paths as a backup, beside Primary LSP-Path.
Local Protection is the mostly used MPLS recovery mechanism, MPLS FRR (Fast Reroute).
End-to-End Protection (Secondary Paths)
In this model two LSP-Paths are used. One of them is Primary LSP-Path and the other is Secondary LSP-Path. Multiple secondary paths xan be configured. At the Head-End up to 8 LSPs can be configured. And 7 of them can be Secondary Path.
Traffic goes on Primary LSP-Path normally.And there is no load balacancing with Secondary Paths.
Whenever a failure occurs on the Primary LSP-Path, RSVP error is send to the LSP-path’s start point, to the Head-End. And the Secondary LSP-Path, which is standby (ready), is take over the traffic.
There are two types Secondary LSP-Paths. These are:
– Hot Standby Secondary Paths
– Cold (OR Non) Standby Secondary Paths (default)
The Standby Secondary Paths are signalled before the failure. So after failure, it is ready to use. There is no need for signalling.
The Non Standby Secondary Paths are default for Nokia Service Routers.
It is not operational before the failure. After the failure, Head-End receive the Path Error message, and start thesignalling of Non-Standby Secondary Path. This is bad for recovery time, it is late. But it is less resource intensive, less RSVP session end labels consume.
Let’s see how to configure Secondary LSP-Paths, on Nokia Service Routers for both Stanby Secondary LSP-Paths and Non-Standby Secondasru LSP-Paths.
You can check the Standby Secondary Path configuration on Nokia Service Routers below:
Now let’s check the Non-Standby Secondary Path configuration:
(As you can see, there is onlymissing stanby command)