Path Diversity in Secondary Paths
As we say in the following articles, while using Secondary LSP-Paths, sharing links between Primary and Secondary LSP-Paths must be avoided. We can say this term “Path Diversity”.
There are some methods to achieve Path Diversity. These methods are:
– Using Full Strict hop LSP-Paths
– Admin Groups
– Shared Risk Groups
Using Full Strict hop LSP-Paths
Primary and secondary LSP-Paths are configured with fully strict hops in this method. This is difficult to configure and cause a huge operational overhead in large scale networks. Troubleshooting is also difficult in this method. But this method can be a good choice for small scale networks, because there are limited number of redundancy options.
While using full strict hop methods, redundant paths can not be used. There is only one option to do this, using two secondary paths. But this is more configuration overhead. MPLS FRR (Fast Reroute) is also the other solution for using redundant paths in the topology. We will talk about MPLS FRR (Fast Reroute) in the following posts.
Let’s see how to configure strict hops in Nokia 7750 Service Router according to below topology.
primary “primary_path”. hop 1 10.1.0.1 strict hop 2 10.3.0.1 strict hop 3 10.5.0.1 strict no shutdown exitprimary “secondary_path” hop 1 10.2.0.1 strict hop 2 10.4.0.1 strict hop 3 10.6.0.1 strict no shutdown exitlsp “toRouterB” to 220.127.116.11 primary “primary_path” exit secondary “secondary_path” exit no shutdown exit
With this Admin Groups method, redundant links are assigned to different Admin Groups. Primary and Secondary LSP-Paths are configured loose hops that exclude either one of the groups. Admin groups can be asymetrics.
In the below example, the Primary LSP-Path can use any of the links in the upper plane. And the Secondary LSP-Path can use any of the links in the lower plane.
A:RouterX>config>router>mpls# —————————— admin-group “UP” 1 interface “toRouter1” admin-group “UP” exit interface “toRouter2” admin-group “UP” exit