What is an IPv6 Address?
IPv4 is most widespread implementation of IP protocol. It has 32 bit adress space, so it allow to use almost 232=4,294,967,296 addresses in internet. Because of the fact that these addresses are almost run out a new version of IP is revealed.
Before IPv4 addresses run out, some techniques like CIDR,NAT,Priviate Addresses are used to alleviate this shortage.
Between IPv4 and IPv6, in the middle, there is another version of IP, IPv5. IPv5 is used for “Internet Streaming Protocol” for research and development. So, the new version of IP, that will be used on the network devices become IP version 6, IPv6.
The new and the next generation version of IP, IPv6 has 128 bit address space.So there are almost 2128 available addresses for this devices.This is almost 340 undecilion available addresses, nearly unlimited.
You can also test your IPv6 Knowledge on IPv6 Questions Page.
Some new featured that IPv6 Brings. These new benefits that comes with IPv6 are given below:
- Increased address space
- Simplified configuration (with auto configuration)
- Integrated security (IPSec)
- Backward compatibility with IPv4
IPv6 Address Example
Different than IPv4, IPv6 addresses are written with hexadecimal digits.This address is consist of eight colons and in each colons there are four digits.So the address become 8*4*4bit = 128 bit. An example of an address is given below:
There are some abbreviations while writing an IPv6 address.These abbreviations are mentioned below :
• Leading zeros can be dropped like below:
2345:0425:2CA1:0000:0000:0567:5673:23b5 ==> 2345:425:2CA1:0000:0000:567:5673:23b5