Basic Huawei Router Configuration

huawei-router-configuration

Huawei Router Configuration

 

In this Huawei Basic Router Configuration lesson, we will talk about the Basic Huawei Router Configuration Commands. For our configuration example, we will use a single router.

 

Huawei Help Command

 

On Huawei routers and switches, you can use question mark (?) to help about configuration commands. This help can be both to complete a command or for the available all commands under that hierarchy.

 

If you use “?” alone, then available all commands will be showed at that level. Here, we list all the commands beginning with “display dhcp”.

<Huawei-Router> display dhcp ?

client      DHCP client

option82    DHCP option82

relay       DHCP relay

server      DHCP server

snooping    Snooping

static      Static bind item

statistics  Statistics

 

 

If you use “?”, with a letter, the commands that begins with that letter will be showed. Below, after “display dhcp” command, we list the commands beginning with “s”.

<Huawei-Router> display dhcp s?

server                                  snooping

static                                  statistics

 

 

 

Huawei Configuration Mode

 

On every router, there are different view modes. On Huawei routers there are four different viw modes. These are:

  • User View
  • System View
  • Interface View
  • Protocol View

 

User View is the mode that you will enter after login to the router. With this mode, you can check the system configurations.

After that to configure a Huawei router, you should enter System View Mode. To enter this configuration mode, we use “system-view” command. This is the equivalent of Cisco’s “configure terminal” command.

 

<Huawei-Router> system-view

Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

[Huawei-Router]

 

The other two modes are Interface view and Protocol view. In these modes, router interfaces and routing protocol configurations are done.

 

Useful Shortcuts

 

There are various shortcuts on Huawei CLI. These shortcuts is useful during router configuration. Some of the important shortcuts are given below:

 

CTRL – A : To  go to the beginning of the line.

CTRL – C :  Stops current function

CTRL – Z : Back to user view

TAB : Completes incomplete commands

 

Changing Router Name

 

On Huawei Routers, to change router name, we use “sysname” command.

[Huawei]sysname Huawei-Training

[Huawei-Training]

 

Setting Clock on Hauwei Routers

 

On all Routers, there is a clock and timezone settings. We can adjust this with various clock commands on Huawei Routers.

 

To set the timezoze, we will use “clock timezone” command. Here, with “add” keyword, we determine UTC+ timezone and  with “mines”, we determine UTC- timezone. Here, we did this configuration for UTC+3.

<Huawei-Router> clock timezone 1 add 3:00:00

 

After setting time zone, we can set the current time and date with “clock datetime” command.

 

<Huawei-Router> clock datetime 15:45:10 2019-12-04

 

In some countries, daylight savingm time is used. So, summer and winter times change. To adjust this on Huawei routers, we us “clock daylight-saving-time” command.

 

Lastly, you can check the set time and clock with “display clock” command.

 

<Huawei-Router> display clock

2019-12-04 15:45:14+3:00

Wednesday

Time Zone(1) : UTC+3:00

 

 

 

Huawei Router CLI Messages

There are two CLI Message options on Huawei routers. These CLI messages are :

  • Header Login Message
  • Header Shell Message

Header Login message is the message that you will see after the router boots. It is configured with “header login information” command.

[Huawei-Router] header login information “Welcome!”

 

Header Shell message is the message that you will see after login to the router. It is configured with “header shell information” command.

 

 

[Huawei-Router] header shell  information “Be Careful!”

 

Welcome!

Login Authentication

Password:

Be Careful!

 

 

Router User Privilege Levels

On Routers, there are different user privilege levels. Some of these levels can only view authorization, some of them has configuration authorization and others has different types of authorizations. You can find the levels of Huawei routers below:

 

  • User Level 0 : Command Level is 0. Visit Level
  • User Level 1 : Command Level is 0 and 1. Monitor Level
  • User Level 2 : Command Level is 0, 1 and 2. Configuration
  • User Level 3-15 : Command Level is 0, 1, 2 and 3. Management

huawei-cli-privilege-levels

We can set user levels qith “command-privilege level” command like below. Here, we have set user level to 10.

[Huawei-Router] command-privilege level 10 view user save

 

 

 

Router Telnet Configuration

To configure telnet sessions setting on Hauwei routers, firstly we should enter the telnet configuration level. By default 5 telnet sessions can be configured from 0 to 4. Here, we can set also the user privilege level and user password. Fort his configuration, we will only give monitoring permission to the thelnet users. And this permission is Level 1.Our password will be “abc123”.

 

[Huawei-Router] line vty 0 4

[Huawei-Router-ui-vty0-4] user privilege level 1

[Huawei-Router-ui-vty0-4] authentication-mode password

[Huawei-Router-ui-vty0-4] set authentication password cipher abc123

 

 

Router Console Configuration

For console configuration, we will do the similar configurations with Telnet configurations. Here, by default there is one Console session configuration.  We will set our privilege level as level 15 for console connection. And our password will be “abc123”.

 

[Huawei-Router] line console 0

[Huawei-Router-ui-console0] user privilege level 15

[Huawei-Router-ui-console0] authentication-mode password

[Huawei-Router-ui-console0] set authentication password cipher abc123

 

 

Huawei CLI Adjustments

 

On Huawei routers there are also some CLI setting. By setting these values, CLI screen length, Session Timeout and Command History size are configured.

 

To set CLI screen size, we use “screen-length” command. We can set the displayed lines after the command excution. Below, we set this value for 5 lines.

[Huawei-Router] screen-length 5

 

To set session timeouz value, we use “idle-timeout” command. Below we set this for 1 hour.

[Huawei-Router] idle- timeout 1 60

 

For command history size, we use “history-command max-size” command. Below, we set to store last 30 commands.

[Huawei-Router] history-command max-size 30

 

Lesson tags: Routers, router configuration, huawei configuration
Back to: HCNA > Huawei CLI

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