After LDP session establishment, labels are distributed from the Tail-End router to the Head-End router for each prefix. This process occurs at the opposite direction of the data plane. At the data plane the traffic flow goes form the Head-End to the Tail-End. But label distribution process is done at the opposite direction.
FIB, LIB, LFIB
These terms are very important terms in MPLS, We had also talked about this terms before, in the MPLS articles. But to recall, I would like to tell you again below.Lets begin with how this tables are filled.
All the routes to all the destinations are in RIB (Routing Information Base). The best routes to the destinations are choosed and stored in the Routing Table. Then the values in the Routing Table, are copied to the FIB(Forwarding Information Base). Labels for all the destinations are stored in the LIB (Label Information Base). And LFIB(Label Forwarding Information Base) table is filled with the best routes’s label values.
Below you can see the summary of these tables’s job and you can also see how to reach this tables on Alcatel-Lucent service routers.
RIB (Routing Information Base) : All routes to the all destinations
Routing Table : Best routes to the destination
FIB (Forwarding Information Base) : Copy of routing table.