OSPF Stub Area and Totally-Stub Area

OSPF Area Types 3

In the previous OSPF lessons we had talked about standard Standard and Backbone area types. In this lesson, we will talk about two of the the other Area Types of OSPF. Here, we will learn OSPF Stub Area Configuration and Totally Stub Area Configuration.

 

In this lesson we will focus on configuration mostly. But firstly, let’s talk about the theorical part of this OSPF Stub Area lesson.

 

You can DOWNLOAD the Packet Tracer example with .pkt format at the end of this lesson.

 

You can check the below lessons for the configuration of different OSPF Area Types:



 

Stub Areas, Totally-Stub Areas, Not So Stubby Areas and Totally Not So Stubby Areas are the other area types of OSPF. These area types are prevent some routes to enter the Area routers. We will check all of these one by one.

 

For this article, the below topology will be our reference topology.

OSPF Area Types Example Topology, Stub, Totally-Stub, NSSA, Totatlly NSSA
 

 

Table of Contents

Stub Area

Stub Area is the area that do not accept the External LSAs(Type 5). Stub Areas accept the summary LSAs Type 3 beside the Default Route from the Backbone Area. They also do not accept Type 4 LSAs.

OSPF Stub Area with Accepted LSAs
 

OSPF Stub Area with Accepted LSAs

 

To configure an area as a Stub Area, we need to configure all the routers in this area as Stub. Because, configuring a router interface as a Stub, changes the option bits in the Hello Packets. To form a new neigbourship, the other end router need to be configured as Stub.

 

The cofiguration is like below:

 

router ospf 1
area 10 stub

 

On our main topology, we will configure the Area 1 as stub. The stub area configuration will be like below on both Router1 and Router3:

 

Router1(config)# router ospf 1
Router1(config-router)# area 1 stub
Router3(config)# router ospf 1
Router3(config-router)# area 1 stub

 

After this configuration, the show ip route output will be like below:

 

Router3#show ip route
Codes: L - local, C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
       i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
       * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
       P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 10.2.0.1 to network 0.0.0.0

     10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 7 subnets, 2 masks
O IA    10.1.0.0/24 [110/2] via 10.2.0.1, 00:00:38, GigabitEthernet0/1
C       10.2.0.0/24 is directly connected, GigabitEthernet0/1
L       10.2.0.2/32 is directly connected, GigabitEthernet0/1
O IA    10.3.0.0/24 [110/3] via 10.2.0.1, 00:00:28, GigabitEthernet0/1
O IA    10.4.0.0/24 [110/4] via 10.2.0.1, 00:00:18, GigabitEthernet0/1
O IA    10.6.0.0/24 [110/2] via 10.2.0.1, 00:00:38, GigabitEthernet0/1
O IA    10.7.0.0/24 [110/3] via 10.2.0.1, 00:00:28, GigabitEthernet0/1
O*IA 0.0.0.0/0 [110/2] via 10.2.0.1, 00:00:38, GigabitEthernet0/1

As you can see, Type 3, Type 4 LSAs and Default Route is in the routing table. External LSAs, Type 5 is not accepted.


 

Totally-Stub Area

 

In this Area type, beside External LSAs(Type 5), LSAs Type 3 and Type 4 are also not accepted. Only a default-route is accepted by a Totally-Stub Area.

 

OSPF Totally-Stubby Area with Accepted LSAs
 

OSPF Totally-Stubby Area with Accepted LSAs

Lesson tags: ospf, routing
Back to: CCIE Enterprise Infrastructure > OSPF

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