VLAN Port Assignment
VLANs can be assigned statically and dynamically. Static configuration is more common, but dynamic is also used.
Static VLAN assignment is like its name. You will statically assign the ports to the VLAN.
Dynamic VLAN assignment can be done by VLAN Membership Policy Server(VMPS). VMPS needs VLAN-MAC address relationship database. Here, we will use the static one, like many network engineer.
– Access Ports,
– Trunk Ports
Access ports are the ports that are member of a single VLAN. Host devices are connected to it. This is also default Cisco switch port type.
Trunk ports are the ports that are member of more than one VLAN or all VLANs. This ports are used between switches. To span VLANs between more than one switch, some ports are needed to carry VLAN information accross the switches. These ports are trunk ports. You can also carry each VLAN without using any trunk port. But this way is not efficient and not common.