How to Secure a Cisco Router Basically?
Security is an important concern for a network engineer. How can a network engineer provide security of a router? In this Basic Cisco Router Security Configuration lesson, we will talk about, how to Secure a Router. We sill see the Router Security Steps one by one. Let’s start.
Disabling Unused Ports
For a router basic security configuration, the first step is shutdowning all the unused ports. If you are using a port, it needs to be up. But if you don’t use any ports, then always disable (administratively down) these unused ports.
Shutdowning, in other words, disabling a port is very easy. You can do it with “shutdown” command under that interface.
Enable and Enable Secret Passwords
The second important router security step is passwords. You should use passwords on your router.
Here, there are two passwords: Enable and enable secret password.
Enable password stores the password in clear text format. So, it is easy to see it. But ,enable secret password stores password in encrypted mode. So, it is more secure.
To encrypt all passwords in a router/switch, you can use “service pasword-encryption” command.
Let’s see how to configure this paswords on a router.
Configuring Telnet Access Password
Telnet is not a secure way of connecting to a router. But if you use telnet to connect a router, you should use telnet password.
To configure Telnet Access with password, you can use the below commands.
Here, firstly we enter the line vty mode and then set the password string with password keyword. After that, we enter login command to activate it.
Configuring Console Access Password
Like telnet, you also need to configure Console Access password for a secure router. To do this, firstly you need to enter line console mode and then set the password string. Again, with the login keyword, you can activate it.
To configure Console Access with password, you can use the below commands.