SSH Configuration on Packet Tracer

ssh-config-ipcisco

SSH Config

SSH (Secure Shell) is one of the most used protocols in network World. As a secured alternative of Telnet, SSH is always in the life of a network engineer. It helps us to connect our routers, swithces and any other network equipments. Especially because of SSH is more secure, it is always prefered more than Telnet. In this lesson, we will focus on SSH Configuration on Cisco routers with an SSH Config Example. We will learn configuring SSH.

 

ssh-config-ipcisco

 

So, what will be our SSH Config steps? In this example, we will go through the below six  steps one by one:

  1. IP Configurations
  2. Password Encryption
  3. Router Name Change
  4. Domain Data and Data Encryption
  5. Router User Config
  6. SSH Config
  7. SSH Verification

 

So, let’s start SSH Configuration and see how is the backplane config of our SSH connection on routers.

 


You can visit Cisco Hands On Course with Packet Tracer


 

IP Configurations

Before configuring SSH, firstly, we will configure IP addresses of router interface and the PC. We will use the below IP addresses:

 

Router fa0/0 Interface

IP : 10.0.0.1

Subnet : 255.255.255.0

 

PC

IP : 10.0.0.2

Subnet : 255.255.255.0

Gateway : 10.0.0.1

 

Router  # configure terminal

Router (config) # interface fa0/0

Router (config-if) # ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0

Router (config-if) # no shutdown

 


 

Router Name Change

We need to change the default router name to generate rsa key. Here, the default name is Router, let’s change this name to ABC.

 

Router (config) # hostname ABC

 


 

Domain Name and Data Encryption

In this step, we will set the domain name. Our domain name will be SSHabc. And after that, we will encrypt the data in it with “crypto key generate rsa” command.

 

During this configuration we will set the module sizes. So we will use 512 here.

 

ABC (config) # ip domain-name SSHabc

ABC (config)# crypto key generate rsa general-keys modules 512

 

 


 

Router User Config

This step is the classical user definion on the router. We will do it with username, password and the priviledge level. Our user is gokhan, password is abc123 and the priviledge mode is 15.

 

ABC (config) # username gokhan privilege 15 password abc123

We will use this username and password for SSH connection.

 


 

SSH Config

The main configuration step of this Configuring SSH lesson is this step. Here, we will do the SSH configuration in line mode.

 

Firstly, we will go to line mode and configure SSH for 16 users from 0 to 15. And then we will use “transport input ssh”. This command will allow only SSH access. Telnet accesses will be rejected.

 

Then, we will set the login as local with “login local” command. With this command, we can use local router users to ssh access.

 

After that , we will configure the the version of SSH. There are two SSH versions, SSH version 1 and SSH version 2. The second one provide more enhanced security agorithm. Here, we will use SSH version 2. To configure it, we will use “ip ssh version 2” command.

 

Lastly, we will save our SSH Configuration.

 

ABC (config) # line vty 0 15

ABC (config-line) # transport input ssh

ABC (config-line) # login local

ABC (config-line) # ip ssh version 2

ABC (config-line) # end

ABC # write

 


 

SSH Verification

At the last step of Configuring SSH, SSH Config Example, we can try to connect via SSH from PC to the router. To do this, we will open the command line on the PC and connect to the router with the below command. Here our Router interface ip is 10.0.0.1.

 

PC> ssh –l gokhan 10.0.0.1

 

Back to: CCNA 200-301 > Network Management

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